The birth of a child makes fundamental changes in the usual daily routine of parents. Newborn cares are added to daily chores, especially in the first months. Sometimes young parents, instead of the joy of having a baby, feel constant fatigue and lack of sleep. Negative emotions of the mother are transmitted to the baby, creating a vicious circle. How to teach a newborn to the regimen from the first weeks after birth? After reading the article, you will learn how to organize the process taking into account the characteristics of the baby's body.
What is the daily routine for the baby?
The daily routine is a properly thought out process of sleep, feeding and the implementation of other physiological needs of the newborn. It plays an important role in the development of immunity and the overall full development of the baby. Thanks to the correct daily routine, parents can plan their time to combine caring for the baby with household chores and communication with the rest of the family.
How to teach a newborn to the regimen? An established process has the following main advantages:
- Helps debug the baby’s digestion process. If you accustom the body to food at a certain time, then this contributes to the timely production of enzymes, gastric juice and improve salivation. All this facilitates the digestion process. Colic and gas formation common in infants quickly pass away.
- The correct mode of sleep and wakefulness balances the psyche of the baby. After all, at the age of one month, he assimilates a lot of information. If the baby falls asleep and wakes up at a certain time, then this gives him the opportunity to evenly distribute the load. This applies to the period of sleep, when there is an assimilation of the information received. After awakening, the baby is ready to learn new knowledge.
- The baby, whose daily regimen is established, has a calm and long sleep. A baby who constantly gets enough sleep does not act up and does not cause unnecessary worries to parents.
A clear daily routine increases the effectiveness of all life support processes. The baby's immunity is strengthened, energy appears for games and studying the world.
Tips for creating a daily routine for sleeping and feeding
The process of accustoming to the correct daily routine begins in the hospital. Indeed, in the department, the regime is common to all children, without taking into account the characteristics of the baby’s body.
How to teach a newborn to daily routine? As a basis, you can take the schedule, which applies to all children, but it is more advisory in nature. When drawing up an individual schedule, they usually focus on the biological rhythms and characteristics of each child.
In Soviet times, doctors insisted that everything be done by the clock. Pediatricians recommended a break between feedings for 3 hours, even if the baby is crying and wants to eat. Currently, medicine approaches such issues more flexibly.
Doctors most of all pay attention only to the sequence of the day: lifting, exercising, feeding, sleeping, walking, massage and so on. It is allowed to make small deviations of 20-30 minutes. It is much more important to accustom the baby to the chosen daily routine without unnecessary worries. Well-known pediatricians believe that up to 6 months it depends on the desire of the child.
After returning from the hospital, parents need to look at the baby in order to understand its natural biorhythms. In the first 2-3 weeks, the baby only sleeps and eats. On average, feeding occurs 8-10 times a day. It is based on food intake that make up the general regime of the day and determine whether it is suitable for infants.
What should be the regimen?
In the first days after returning from the hospital, the young mother does not have enough time to complete all the necessary procedures. The daily regimen of a month-old baby consists of the following actions:
- waking up, diaper change, feeding, short waking hours,
- sleep at home or outdoors,
- Awakening, diaper changes, feeding and a short period of wakefulness,
- a dream and everything repeats at first
- swimming takes place in the evening, approximately from 7 to 9 hours.
When is it best to accustom a child to the regimen? This should be done in the most difficult first month. Despite all the difficulties, parents need to find the strength in themselves and create the right regime of the day. The task is difficult, but doable.
How to teach a child to sleep and nutrition?
Caring for a newborn is a difficult task. Many young mothers are very tired, trying to pay him more attention.
How to teach a two-month-old baby to the regimen? Parents sometimes think that the baby is still too small for this. Experts believe that 2-month-old children are able to get used to a clear daily routine.
Parents should not rush. If the baby was born prematurely, it is best to consult a doctor about establishing a regimen. In the first months, weak babies should be fed on demand, and not by the hour. This allows you to gain weight faster.
How to teach a newborn to the regimen of the day? When the baby is sleeping, then mom should rest. Parents can begin to accustom to the routine of the baby, starting from 1 month. It completely depends on the characteristics of the body of the child. In the first weeks, the baby adapts to the outside world. Parents should help him, carry and feed on demand. The first month is quite chaotic, but then it will certainly be easier.
The role of feeding
How to teach a newborn to a feeding regimen? The child, being in the womb, received food constantly, he did not feel a lack of it. After birth, he will have to be fed on demand, because his mother will not be able to tolerate constant crying.
In the first month after the birth of the baby, you need to feed every 2-3 hours, and then the intervals should increase. For the child, frequent application is necessary not only for food, but also as a communication. Close contact with his mother gives him a sense of security. For women, constant application helps to establish the process of lactation, as well as to avoid stagnation of milk in the chest.
How to teach a child to eat? At first it is difficult to feed the child after 4 hours, he will require food every 2-3 hours. No need to deny the baby his desire to eat. The interval of 4 hours between feeding can be increased starting from 3-4 months. If the child cries and requires food after 2 hours, then the mother can give him some water. Over time, he will be able to get used to a longer period of time between feedings.
The process of artificial feeding is built differently. The diet and the amount of the mixture is determined by the pediatrician. It depends on age, weight and physical condition. Feeding the baby does not occur on demand, but has certain time intervals.
Feeding at night: features
How to teach a newborn to a feeding regimen? At this time, you should not turn on the bright light, and communicate with the baby is best in a whisper. In order for mother and child to have a good rest, it is necessary to organize a joint sleep. And the baby will sleep better if he feels her near.
Some babies may wake up at 2 in the morning to get a serving of food. If this does not happen, then you do not need to wake him, perhaps the feeling of hunger is not so strong and does not bother him.
If the child is naughty in the middle of the night, then the mother should not feed him, it is better to give a little warm water. Perhaps he will calm down and fall asleep. If the baby cannot fall asleep within 30 minutes, then it must be fed.
How to teach a newborn to sleep? In the first 2 weeks after birth, the baby sleeps 18-20 hours a day. Around the 14th day, waking periods become longer.
The physiological rhythm of the baby does not obey the daily rhythm, but includes an interval from 90 to 180 minutes. At the 2nd month, his hearing and vision organs begin to actively develop, he is able to distinguish day and night by the light and noise level in the apartment.
Gradually, the daily rhythm is established in the baby. The duration of sleep completely depends on the physiological maturity of the child, as well as on measures for caring for him, carried out at the same time.
On average, a child sleeps for 19-20 hours, waking up after 4 hours, and his wakeful period is from 30 minutes to 1.5 hours.
A full sleep is necessary for the baby in order to maintain mental and physical health. With the right mode, the psychological defense of the body occurs.
After 3 months, the baby sleeps 16-17 hours a day. At the same time, the sleeping and feeding regimen is very closely related. At night, the baby sleeps 9-10 hours, and during the day - 4-5 hours.
In the second half of the year there is a surge in muscle activity. The duration of sleep at night is 10-12 hours, and during the day he sleeps twice for 1.5-2 hours.
Toward the end of the first year of life, the baby shows a desire for independence, and he often protests against the fact that he is laid to sleep. The duration of night sleep is 11-12 hours, and daytime - 1.5 hours 2 times a day.
How to teach a newborn to the regimen? Parents should start a new day with washing, washing the baby and changing the diaper. This will signal the morning. After six months, parents should wash their hands before feeding and after returning from a walk.
Bathing in the evening is one of the best tools to help make sleep sound. After the procedure, a tired and hungry baby is fed and put to bed. According to the pediatrician Komarovsky, this is a great option for newborns.
Bathing can be carried out immediately after returning from the hospital. The bath should be with warm boiled water and decoctions of herbs (chamomile, string). The temperature is 36-37 degrees.
Duration of bathing - 5 minutes. Parents should then process the navel and folds of the baby.
At 3-4 weeks, a newborn can be moved to a large bathroom using a special device - a circle.
Baby Walking Mode
From the 7th day of life of the newborn in the warm season and from the 10th day in the cold, parents should walk with him on the street. Usually, the baby sleeps better and longer outdoors than at home. With this in mind, parents should properly organize its feeding.
If the baby does not wake up at the appointed time, then the mother needs to gently wake him and offer to eat. It is necessary to find compromises in order to create a convenient regime for feeding, sleeping and walking.
How to teach a newborn to the regimen? If parents can adjust the daily routine of the baby:
- The young mother has enough free time. In those hours when the baby is sleeping, parents can go about their business or themselves.
- A well-fed newborn, in a clean and dry diaper, is in a good mood and cries a little. His good mood allows him to engage in developmental activities.
- Mom has every opportunity to plan her day. A clear schedule helps to distribute your time, which is very convenient. This allows you to do urgent matters (paperwork).
- The newborn develops the correct sense of time. If the day regimen is correct, then he will not be able to confuse day and night.
The regime lays an excellent foundation for future education. If you stick to it constantly, it will help to avoid problems in the future. In the morning, the child will easily wake up and gather without a scandal in the kindergarten.
How to organize the daily routine?
Mom in the first weeks of the baby’s life just needs to watch him: what time he wakes up, when he starts asking for food, how much time he needs to communicate and sleep. Do not force the baby to do anything in the first month, just write down your observations. Guided by the notes, you can notice that the baby performs some actions at the same time (your starting point).
Start the morning awakening with a smile and pleasant words addressed to the child, the atmosphere should radiate calm and joy. If you notice that the baby woke up ahead of time, but at the same time was not capricious and did not cry, do not rush to take the baby out of bed, maybe he will fall asleep again.
In order for the child to fall asleep without problems, try to perform a certain ritual before going to bed. For example, when airing a room, rock the baby for 10 minutes, sing a lullaby, and then shift it to a crib. When laying a newborn for a night's sleep, it is not recommended to conduct active games, so the baby can become overexcited and begin to act up.
After 2-3 weeks, begin to gently show persistence in the behavior of the baby. In case of prolonged sleep, the child should wake up.
Day mode benefits
In a newborn, the need for sleep, food, play and rest occurs at certain intervals precisely because of the correct daily routine. These actions are accompanied by changes in the structure of the brain, i.e., the body itself is rebuilt during wakefulness and at rest.
A specific daily routine benefits the baby:
- teaches us to distinguish day from night
- teaches the correct change in wakefulness and sleep,
- protects the baby from overwork,
- instills discipline
- the child is less naughty
- creates conditions for the activity and vitality of the child, which positively affects the correct mental and physical development.
The role of daily routine feeding
The child, being in the womb, received food continuously, there was no lack of nutrition. Therefore, the first time after birth, it is necessary to feed the baby on demand. It is unlikely that you will have enough strength and patience to listen to the cry of your baby when he is hungry.
Attaching a child to the chest in the first month of life should be carried out in the interval of 2-3 hours and increase slightly as they grow older. Frequent application to the baby is not only a process of obtaining food, but also a way of communication. The tactile feeling of the mother gives a sense of security and psychological calm.
Regular application of a woman helps to establish lactation, as well as to avoid stagnation of milk in the chest.
Since the introduction of complementary foods in the baby’s diet, you need to be accustomed to a joint meal with all family members.
It is quite difficult to feed the baby according to a certain regimen; in the first two months of life, it is required to feed the baby every 2-3 hours. Do not deny the baby the desire to eat. It is necessary to increase the time between feedings to 4 hours, starting from 3-4 months of life. Carry out a small experiment: the baby waking up, begins to cry 2 hours after feeding, that is, it requires the chest again, do not go to it immediately. Give him a drink of water and offer a dummy. Thus, you gradually accustom the child to longer intervals between feedings.
The situation of children on artificial feeding is a little different. The diet and the amount of the mixture is set by the pediatrician depending on the age, weight, physical condition of the baby. Therefore, feeding a child does not occur on demand, but has established time intervals.
Features of night feeding
During night feeding, try not to turn on the light in the room, communicate with the baby in an undertone. So that you and the baby sleep each night, take the little one with you to bed, there is nothing wrong with sharing a dream. The baby will sleep better, in the close presence of his mother.
Some babies may initially wake up at exactly 2 a.m. for the next serving of food.If this does not happen, then you should not wake the child on purpose, the feeling of hunger is not so strong and does not bother him at all.
In addition, when you hear the child’s whims in the middle of the night, don’t write off slipping his breast, give him some warm water and wait 10-15 minutes, maybe the baby will calm down and fall asleep, so you will teach to skip feeding.
We begin to distinguish between day and night
So that the baby does not confuse day and night, follow simple rules:
- Ventilate the room in which the baby sleeps regularly. Suitable room temperature is 18–20 degrees, air humidity is 60–80%.
- Do not try to protect the child from home sounds and noise. Let the TV go in the other room, the washing machine can work in the bathroom, dad can actively knock on the computer keyboard.
- During daytime sleep, do not create a darkened room in the child’s room, do not pull the curtains. It is recommended to protect the baby from direct sunlight. At night, on the contrary, it is not recommended to light a bright artificial light, get a small nightlight.
- The last feeding before bedtime should be about 23 hours, then a long sleep is guaranteed.
- During the day, the child needs to constantly do something: walks, play, massage, socialize. It is advisable to bathe the child about 21-22 hours.
- Find the cause of night wakefulness, it can be intestinal colic, headaches, fever, rash, etc. Show the baby to the pediatrician, if necessary, prescribe treatment.
Cases when children from the age of six months begin to confuse day with night:
- decrease in daytime sleep, i.e., the transition to a two-time sleep from a three-time sleep,
- 4 hours of daytime sleep
- not observed daily routine.
All these cases can cause excessive activity of the child in the evening, he can continue to play, crawl along the bed.
Approximate daily regimen for a newborn baby aged 1-3 months
- 6.00 Morning toilet
- 6.30 Feeding
- 6.30–7.30 Wakefulness (gymnastics, massage)
- 7.30–9.30 Sleep
- 9.30 Feeding
- 9.30–11.00 Wakefulness (walk, play)
- 11.00–13.00 Sleep
- 13.00 Feeding
- 13.00-14.30 Wakefulness (communication, game)
- 14.30-16.30 Sleep
- 16.30 Feeding
- 16.30–18.30 Wakefulness (evening walk, gymnastics)
- 18.30–20.00 Sleep
- 20.00–21.30 Wakefulness (bathing, chatting, playing)
- 21.30 Feeding
- 22.00–6.00 Night sleep (night feeding at 1.00 and 3.00)
As the child grows, the day regimen can be shifted by 1 hour, i.e. feeding does not start at 6:00, but from 7:00.
The child’s wakefulness increases with adulthood. During the first month of life, the total duration of sleep can reach 20 hours, from 1 to 3 months - from 17 to 18 hours, from 3 months to six months - 15-16 hours, from 6 months to a year - 14-15 hours. Moreover, the number of sleep periods also decreases: from 5–6 at the age of one month, to 1–2 at the one-year-old. The daily regimen will have to be adjusted in any case, depending on the increase in the length of the child’s wakefulness.
It also happens that children themselves choose a regimen. The child begins to rub his eyes, yawn, refuse to breastfeed, then you can put to bed early. The baby can overwork in the day, experiencing new emotions, for example, in a game or in developing training. And in conditions such as illness and infection, the baby needs a calm and quiet environment for almost the entire day.
The child refuses to sleep, he is active and does not bother him with any painful conditions, talk to him, entertain with something, you do not need to forcefully put to sleep.
Stay in the fresh air should be present daily. In case of rain and low air temperature (below 20 degrees), put the child to sleep in the cradle on the balcony, loggia.
Feeding schedule: on the clock or on demand?
If the baby is breastfed, pediatricians are advised to feed him on demand. If the child is healthy, gains weight well and develops in accordance with established standards, this regimen can be adhered to up to three months of age. If the mother continues to give breast to the baby when he asks for it, there may be complications in the digestive system associated with overfeeding. It can be intestinal colic, painful cramps, upset stool, abdominal pain.
On-demand feeding has its pros and cons, therefore, each mother herself must decide on how to organize the feeding of the child in order to ensure its needs and not infringe on the interests of other family members.
Dr. Komarovsky on feeding schedule
Among the advantages of feeding on demand, experts distinguish:
- more harmonious development of the child due to frequent and prolonged contact with mother,
- stable lactation (in this mode of feeding, milk in the mammary glands is produced in the amount necessary to meet the needs of a particular baby),
- reducing the risk of purulent mastitis, developing against the background of stagnation of milk.
If the mother decides to feed the baby on demand, she must understand that this regimen of the day of the newborn in the first month has significant disadvantages. One of them is the inability to leave home in the first weeks of a child’s life. The organization of feeding is also of great importance: if the baby takes the breast incorrectly (it does not capture the areola, but only the nipple), too frequent feeding can lead to the formation of long healing cracks that can become infected with insufficient personal hygiene.
Artificial or Mixed Feeding
If the newborn receives the milk mixture as the main or additional nutrition, the infant should be fed according to the established schedule. Unlike breast milk, the composition of adapted substitutes, their fat content - indicators are constant and do not change depending on external factors. The main difference between the milk mixture and breast milk is the presence of complex proteins (lactoglobulins), which require more time to break down and digest. If a child receives a new portion of the mixture before his body digests the previous nutrition, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract may occur, for example:
- spitting up and vomiting
- abdominal pain (the baby cries, refuses the bottle, the stomach is tense, soreness on palpation may occur),
- constipation (may persist for up to 3 days).
Children of the first month of life can wake up to 3-4 times a night. If the baby receives breasts on demand, such a number of feedings is allowed at night, but it is important to ensure that the baby does not show signs of overfeeding (excessive spitting up after eating, swollen belly, etc.). You should not limit breast sucking at night, since it is at this time in the woman’s body that an increased amount of hormones are needed to produce milk.
Important! Newborn babies receiving infant formula should not be fed more than 1 time per night.
If the child wakes up more often, it is important to find out the reason. It can be uncomfortable clothes, cold (or, conversely, too high a room temperature), dry and dusty air. Colic in children usually begins at the beginning of the third week of life and can last up to 3-4 months (less often - up to six months).
To help your baby, you can use the following ways to combat increased gas formation:
- dry heat on the stomach (a flannel diaper folded in several layers, ironed, a heating pad),
- massage of the abdomen (performed clockwise with stroking movements),
- dill water
- special gymnastics (bringing the legs bent at the knees to the stomach).
Should I give water to breastfeed a newborn?
Maternal milk is 87-88% water, so children with a good appetite do not need additional milking. Artificially fed babies can be dosed with water from a spoon or from a bottle. Its norm depends on the weight of the child, the rate of general development and other factors and can range from 30 to 70 ml per day. Give better bottled water, designed specifically for baby food. You should not add sugar to it, since then the child can refuse fresh foods of complementary foods, for example, vegetable purees. Some children are more likely to drink heated water, but it is important to ensure that its temperature does not exceed 28 ° -30 °.
There are situations when water must be given even to newborns who eat only breast milk:
- diseases accompanied by profuse vomiting and diarrhea (to prevent dehydration),
- Too dry air in the children's room.
Important! Dangerous signs of dehydration are dry lips and rare urination (normally, a newborn should urinate at least 8 times a day).
How much should a child eat at one feeding in the first months of life
|Child age||Breastfeeding rate||Norm on mixed or artificial feeding|
|1-2 weeks||50-70 ml||90 ml|
|3-4 weeks||60-90 ml||120 ml|
|1-2 months||120-150 ml||150 ml|
|3-4 months||150-180 ml||180 ml|
|6 months||200-210 ml||210 ml|
How to teach a newborn?
It is necessary to start accustoming a newborn child to a certain routine from a fortnight. At 2-3 weeks, certain biological rhythms are already set in the child, which must be taken into account when drawing up the regimen. It is easiest to organize daytime sleep during this period, as in newborn children it is usually combined with a walk.
Important! It is easiest to start accustoming a child to the regimen of the day with the organization of a sleep regimen.
Walking with a newborn can begin 3-5 days after discharge from the hospital (after the patronage nurse inspects the baby and gives the necessary recommendations). It is best to go out at the same time: during the morning and evening sleep. Evening walks are especially important for accustoming to the regimen: oxygenation will help the child fall asleep faster during nighttime laying and provide a healthier and longer sleep at night.
Putting a newborn to sleep is also better at one time. Even if the baby is naughty, you should not get him out of the crib and rock your arms for a long time. The sooner the child realizes that the crib is associated with sleep, the easier it will be to establish the correct regimen in the future.
Pediatricians advise before going to bed to observe a certain ritual, which can be something like this:
- bathing and evening massage (stroking, rubbing),
- dressing in pajamas or sleeping overalls (an important action that helps to quickly develop the habit of falling asleep in the bed),
- feeding and calm communication with the child,
- laying in the bed.
Mom can stay with the child until he falls asleep, but it is not recommended to take the child in his arms after he is laid in bed.
How to teach a regimen - the opinion of a pediatrician
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Sleep and wakefulness
The first month of the baby’s life is the “golden” time for mom, since at this age the baby sleeps almost all the time, and she has time to calmly do her own business.
- The total duration of sleep of a healthy child up to 1 month is 16-18 hours.
- The periods of daytime and nighttime sleep are distributed almost uniformly.
- At night, the baby can sleep about 8-9 hours, waking up at night feeding.
- In the afternoon, the duration of sleep depends on the child’s temperament, environmental conditions, nutrition, and can range from 1.5 to 3 hours.
- If the child sleeps during the day for 1.5-2 hours, he needs 3-4 laying in the daytime. Children with long daytime sleep need rest 2-3 times a day.
Waking periods at this age are short and rarely exceed 1.5 hours. Most babies show signs of fatigue after 40-50 minutes and easily fall asleep after feeding. In periods when the child is not sleeping, you need to talk a lot with him, read fairy tales to him, sing calm songs. The baby will not understand the words, but by 3-4 weeks he is well versed in intonations, and his mother’s voice has a calming effect on him. It is useful to take the baby in your arms during wakefulness: tactile contact positively affects the condition of the mother and the child and helps to strengthen the emotional connection between them.
The regimen of the day is very important both for the newborn and for children of any age, and you need to start accustoming to it as soon as possible, but you should not hope that a few weeks will be enough for this. Most babies get used to a certain routine only after 2-3 months, so parents should be patient and not be annoyed if something is not working out for them so far.