Useful Tips

How to share a folder in Windows 7, 8, or 10

The fastest way to share certain items is to use the new menu. Allow sharing for.

The displayed parameters depend on the files to which access is granted, and on the type of network the computer is connected to - a home group, work group or domain.

Sharing files and folders in a home group

  1. Right-click the item to which you want to grant access, and select Allow sharing for.
  2. Select one of the following options.
    • Home group (reading) This option grants access to the item to the entire home group, but only to open it. Members of a home group cannot modify or delete an item.
    • Home group (read / write) This option provides access to an item for the entire home group to open, edit, and delete.
    • Specific users This option opens the file sharing wizard, allowing you to select individual users to share items with.

Using the file sharing wizard, you can select specific users to share files and folders with.

  • If the "Allow sharing for" menu does not appear, you may be trying to share a file that is located on a network or in another location that is not supported. It also does not appear if a file in the personal folder is selected.
  • If you are trying to grant access to specific users in your home group, but their names do not appear in the file sharing wizard, they may not have associated their Windows accounts with an online identifier. It may also be necessary to install an online identity provider on a computer.
  • When you try to share items in Windows 7 shared folders, the Advanced sharing options option is displayed in the "Allow sharing for" menu. This option opens the Control Panel, where you can enable or disable access to shared folders.

Sharing files in a workgroup or domain

  1. Right-click the item to which you want to allow access, select Allow sharing for and select Specific users.
  2. In the File Sharing Wizard, click the arrow next to the text box, select a name from the list, and then click Add.

Tip: If you already know the name of the person to whom you want to grant access to files, enter the name in the file sharing wizard and click the Add button.

  • In the column Permission level Select one of the following options.
    • Reading. Recipients can open the file, but cannot modify or delete it.
    • Read / write. Recipients can open, modify, or delete a file.
    Select a file access level to share with other users.
  • After adding users, click the Allow access button.
  • After receiving confirmation of sharing the item, you should notify the users to whom you have granted access about how to access it. Perform one of the following actions:
    • If you have an email program installed, click email to send a link to shared files.
    • Click copy to automatically copy the mirrored links to the Windows clipboard. You can then paste it into an email message, instant message, or other program.
  • When done, click Finish.
    • If the "Allow sharing for" menu does not appear, you may be trying to share a file that is located on a network or in another location that is not supported. It also does not appear if a file is selected in a personal folder.
    • If password-protected sharing is enabled, the user who is granted access must use an account and password to log into the computer and gain access to the shared items. Password-protected sharing settings can be found on the control panel in the Advanced sharing options section. This feature is enabled by default.
    • When you try to share items in Windows 7 shared folders, the Advanced sharing options option is displayed in the "Allow sharing for" menu. This option opens the Control Panel, where you can enable or disable access to shared folders.

    Access to other computers in the homegroup

    1. Click the Start button and select a username.
    2. In the navigation pane (left pane), in the Home group section, select the account whose files you want to access.
    3. In the file list, double-click the library that you want to access, and then double-click the item.

    Note: Disabled computers, as well as computers in sleep or hibernation mode, are not displayed in the transition area.

    Shared Folders

    You can also provide access to files and folders by copying or moving them to one of the Windows 7 shared folders, such as “Shared Music” or “Shared Images”. To find them, click the Start button, click the username, and then click the arrow next to Libraries to expand the folder.

    Sharing of shared folders is enabled by default (except for the home group).

    Enable or disable shared folder sharing

    When sharing of shared folders is enabled, anyone on a computer or network can access these folders. When turned off, only users who have a user account and password on the computer have access.

    1. Open the Advanced Sharing Options window.
    2. Expand your current network profile.
    3. In field General access General folder, select one of the following options.
      • Enable Sharingso that all users with access to the network can read and write files in shared folders.
      • Disable Shared Folder Access (users who are already logged on to the computer can still access these folders)
    4. Click the Save Changes button.

    • When using a shared computer folder with other users, they can open and view the files that are placed there, that they are stored on their own computers. If you grant them permission to modify the files, all the changes made will be displayed in the files on the computer.
    • By clicking on the shared folder or its contents, the menu item "Allow sharing for" displays the item Advanced sharing options. This option opens the Control Panel, where you can enable or disable access to shared folders.

    By enabling password-protected access in the control panel, you can grant access to the shared folder only to users who have a user account and password on the computer.

    Enable or disable password protected sharing

    1. Open the Advanced Sharing Options window.
    2. Click to expand the current network profile.
    3. In section Password Protected Sharing select one of the following options:
      • Enable password protected sharing
      • Disable password protected access
    4. Click the Save Changes button.

    Shared folders are contained in Windows libraries.

    Advanced sharing options

    In some places on Windows, for security reasons, you cannot directly grant access to items using the "Allow sharing for" menu. For example, you can share the entire C drive on a computer (the so-called root of the disk) or system folders (in particular, Users and Windows folders).

    To share these placements, you need to use additional sharing options in return. However, in general, we do not recommend giving access to the entire drive or to the Windows system folders.

    Configuring a computer before sharing folders

    Before you open access to folders, you need to make sure that the computer is configured correctly. Otherwise, you will not be able to access the folders you need. To do this, go along the path "Start - Control Panel - Network and Internet - Network and Sharing Center". In this window, click on the link "Change advanced sharing options».

    After that, a window with sharing settings will open in front of you. In this window, all functions except “Shared with password protection". You must disable this function and click on the “Save Changes” button.

    If you do not disable this feature, you will have to enter a password when trying to access the folder.

    How to share a folder in Windows 7, 8, or 10

    Sharing a folder in Windows 7, 8, or 10 is pretty simple. To start, right-click on the desired folder and select "The properties».

    After that, a window with the properties of the folder will appear in front of you. In this window you need to go to the tab "Access"And click on the button"General access».

    Then the “File Sharing". In this window you need to open the drop-down menu and select the “Everything", Then click on the button"Add».

    As a result, a user with the name "should appear in the list of users who have access to the folderEverything". By default, this user will only have permission to read the folder. if necessary, you can change the user rights by clicking on the "Read" button. In order to confirm the opening of access to the folder, click on the “Share this».

    After that, a window with the name of the shared folder will appear. Here you just need to click on the "Done».

    This completes the opening of access to the folder.

    Alternative way to open folder access

    There is also an alternative way to share folders. To use this method, press the key combination Windows + R and in the window that opens, enter the command shrpubw.

    After that, you should see "Share Creation Wizard". With it, you can quickly and easily open access to the folder. In order to start creating a shared folder, just click on the “Further».

    The first step is to select the folder you want to access. Select the desired folder and click on the “Further».

    Next, you need to specify a name for the shared folder and click on the “Further". If you do not want to change the name, you can leave the standard one.

    The final step is to select permissions to access the folder. Select the appropriate access rules for the folder and click on the “Done».

    This completes the setup. In order to open access to the folder, it remains to click on the “Done».

    If necessary, at this stage, you can enable the re-launch function of the "Create Shares Wizard".

    Check network card and workgroup settings

    On the desktop, right-click on the icon “This computer” (“My computer”, “Computer”), select the “Properties” item in the context menu. In the “System” window, click on the item “Advanced system parameters”.

    In the "System Properties" window that opens, open the "Computer Name" tab. Here you will see the name of the workgroup. By default, in Windows 10, the workgroup is given the name "WORKGROUP".

    On all computers connected to this LAN, the workgroup name must be the same. If the workgroups have different names on the computers connected to the network, change the names by selecting the same name for the workgroup.

    To do this, click on the "Change ..." button, in the "Change computer or domain name" window, give a different name for the workgroup (write a new name in capital letters, preferably in English).

    Now check your network card settings. To do this, in the notification area, right-click on the network icon (Internet access). Click on the "Network and Sharing Center" item. In the "Network and Sharing Center" window, click on the "Change adapter settings" link.

    In the Network Connections window, select a network card, Ethernet or Wi-Fi, depending on how your computer connects to the Internet. Next, right-click on the network card, in the context menu, click on "Properties".

    In the network card properties window, in the "Network" tab, select the "IP version 4 (TCP / IPv4)" component, and then click on the "Properties" button.

    In the window that opens, the properties of the Internet protocol, in the "General" tab, check the IP address and DNS service settings. In most cases, these parameters are assigned automatically. If these parameters are inserted manually, check the appropriate addresses with your Internet provider (the IP address on computers connected to the network should be different).

    After checking the settings, you can go directly to creating a local area network in Windows.

    LAN creation

    First, configure the local network settings in Windows. Go to the "Network and Sharing Center", click on the "Change advanced sharing options" item.

    In the "Advanced sharing settings" window, you can change the sharing settings for various network profiles. The Windows operating system for each network used creates a separate network profile with its own special settings.

    There are three network profiles available:

    • Private
    • Guest or public
    • All networks

    Next, you need to configure the local network in Windows.

    In the private network profile, in the Network Discovery option, select Enable Network Discovery.

    In the "File and Printer Sharing" option, activate the "Enable File and Printer Sharing" option.

    In the "Connect to a home group" option, select "Allow Windows to manage home group connections (recommended)."

    Next, enable network discovery and file and printer sharing for the guest or public network profile.

    After that, open the “All Networks” network profile. In the option "Sharing public folders", select "Enable sharing so that network users can read and write files in shared folders."

    In the option “Connect file sharing”, select the option “Use 128-bit encryption to protect shared connections (recommended)”.

    In the "Shared with password protection" parameter, activate the "Disable sharing with password protection" item.

    After completing the settings, click on the “Save Changes” button.

    Repeat all these steps on all computers that you plan to connect to your home LAN:

    • check the name of the workgroup (the name must be the same)
    • check network card settings
    • in the sharing options enable network discovery, enable file and printer sharing, disable password protected sharing

    How to enable folder sharing

    Next, grant access to the shared folder on the computer. Select or create a special shared folder on your computer. I usually create a new folder on drive “D”.

    In this case, I created a folder with the name "General". Right-click on this folder, in the folder properties window, open the "Access" tab.

    Then click on the “Advanced Settings” button.

    In the "Advanced sharing settings" window, activate the option "Share this folder", and then click on the "Permissions" button.

    Select permissions to use public folder data from another computer. There are three choices:

    To save the settings, click on the "OK" button.

    Re-enter the folder properties, open the "Security" tab, and then click on the "Change ..." button.

    In the window that opens, enter the name "All" (without quotation marks) in the "Enter the names of the selected objects" field, and then click on the "OK" button.

    In the folder properties window, in the "Security" tab, configure the permissions that you previously selected for the shared folder.

    To change the permission for the Everyone group, click on the Advanced button. In the "Advanced security settings for the shared folder" window, select the "Everyone" group, and then click on the "Change" button to change permissions.

    Windows LAN setup is now complete. In some cases, you may need to restart your computer for all changes to take effect.

    Log in to your local home network

    Open Explorer, in the "Network" section you will see all available computers connected to the local home network. To enter another computer, click on the name of the computer, and then click on the name of the shared folder in order to access the files and folders located in the shared folder.

    The local network in Windows 10 is created and configured.

    Troubleshoot some network issues

    Sometimes, after setting up the network, there are problems with accessing folders on the local network. One of the possible problems may be the wrong network profile. I myself came across this on my computer. After reinstalling the system, I created and configured a local network, but my computer did not see two laptops connected to this network. From the laptop it was possible to enter the shared folder of my computer without problems, and the computer did not see them at all.

    I checked all the settings of the local network several times, and only then noticed that the public network was working on my computer, and not the private (home) network, like on laptops. How can I solve this problem?

    Go to the "Network and Sharing Center", click on "Troubleshooting". Select the "Shared Folders" section, run diagnostics and troubleshooting. At the very end, the application will offer to configure the network as private. Apply this hotfix, and then restart the computer. After performing this operation, my computer gained access to shared folders on laptops on the local network.

    Often problems arise due to incorrect network settings. In Windows 10, it is possible to reset the network settings to the default settings. Go to “Settings”, “Network and Internet”, in the “Change network settings” section, click on “Reset network” to apply the network default settings.

    Other problems may arise, look for their solution on the Internet.