What flowers to plant under the trees: which plants can be planted under an apple tree, cherry, plum, and which are strictly not recommended to be planted in the tree trunk circles of fruit trees.
It is better to mulch the trunk circle under fruit trees, but sometimes it may happen that on your site there is not enough space for plants and flowers, although they could well grow in the shade of trees. In this case, you can build small flower beds under the fruit trees.
- Early spring onion flowers such as crocuses, chionodoxes, sprouts and primroses can be planted under fruit trees. They will bloom in early spring.
Many groundcover plants bloom unnoticed, but some can attract attention with their flowers.
- Such plants include Veronica filiform, blooming with small blue flowers, periwinkle and tenacity, blooming with blue flowers, moths loaf - blue, thyme-lilac.
What flowers to plant under an apple tree
If the tree is still young and the soil under it is well lit, then you can plant there:
- pubescent hair
- Turkish clove,
- stonecrop caustic.
Many perennials can grow under mature trees, without hindering their growth and development. For example, right under the openwork crown of an apple tree that creates partial shade, shade-like perennials grow well, such as:
What flowers to plant under the cherry
Under the cherry, you can plant flowers that do not need much moisture, as the cherry has a superficial root system.
- It can be spring blossoms in spring, swimsuits, lilies of the valley and violets.
- You can plant astilbe blooming in the summer, bells, buzulnik and aconite.
- The following groundcover plants feel good under cherries: a small periwinkle, upiculatous budra, tenacious creeper, yellow zelenchuk and European ungulate.
The following ferns can become a beautiful addition to a flower garden under a cherry - a female coder and a male thyroid.
What plants can not be planted next to cherries
Pepper, tobacco, eggplant and tomatoes - it is categorically not recommended to plant under a cherry, as they are carriers of a vertically wilt.
The neighborhood of cherries and strawberries, red and black currants, gooseberries and raspberries will also not be successful. Firstly, these crops require a different soil than cherries, and secondly, they have similar diseases and pests with which they can infect cherries.
How to care for flowers under trees
In early spring, the soil in the near-stem flower beds needs to be fertilized with urea or nitrate (a tablespoon per square meter), and in the middle of summer it is worthwhile to fully fertilize with fertilizers.
It is worth watering the flower garden only if necessary, or in hot and dry weather.
In early autumn, after cutting off the stems of faded plants, the soil should be mulched with compost or peat. The mulch layer should be about five centimeters. The stems can be left and folded in a hut to hold the snow in winter.
The relevance of flower beds around a tree
A flowerbed around a tree may be relevant in several cases. First of all, such an arrangement of the flower garden will be in demand with a lack of space and the need to use every opportunity in order to decorate the space with fragrant flowers. For such a planting, you can use any trees, including fruit crops in a traditional Russian garden. The choice of a tree is made taking into account how a particular species transfers loosening of soil in the immediate vicinity of the root system.
According to the experience of the designers of the company "PositiveProject", it happens that the garden is divided into a forest area, where there are many adult trees that the owners want to preserve in order to maintain a sense of inscribed home in the natural landscape. In this case, the flower garden around the tree will decorate the site without destroying its atmosphere.
When arranging the garden in an ecological style, flower crops and all other plantings should be located in the same way as in the natural ecosystem. The flower beds around the tree are a very good option for a compositional solution. They should have arbitrary shapes that mimic natural forms. Flowers should be selected from plants characteristic of the area so that the entire object looks as organic as possible.
It is worth noting that flower gardens around trees are not too common in modern garden plots, so this layout will be relevant for all lovers of original solutions.
Choosing a tree for a flower garden
Flower beds in the area of tree trunk circles require a special approach at the planning stage. First of all, you should not arrange such objects under immature seedlings. Recently planted trees are very vulnerable, their root system has not yet taken root, it is easy to damage. Thus, adult and strong plants should be chosen for the flower garden around the trees.
The fact of how much a dense shadow a tree casts plays a role. So, under deciduous crops, greatly obscuring the surrounding area, you need to plant only shade-loving flowers. Pines give an openwork shadow and, it would seem, are great for building flowerbeds around them, but in older plants of this species the root system is too close to the ground, and often even comes to its surface. Around such a tree, it is simply impossible to equip a flower garden, because powerful roots fill almost all the space under it.
There are trees that do not tolerate any additional interference with the soil. Such crops include, for example, cedar or apple tree. For example, cedars grow well only if the soil beneath them is covered with their own needles: every year they seem to form fertile soil for themselves, and it is impossible to intervene in this process. It is enough to dig or loosen the ground under the cedar, and it will begin to hurt. Apple trees can also endure interference with the life of their root system. Usually, in the process of caring for these trees, the soil is dug up only a third of the shovels, and this depth is not enough to plant flowers.
When planning to diversify the landscape design of the site with a flower garden in the near-stem circle, you need to consider what kind of appearance the object will have in a few years, because the trees grow and their shape changes.
Planting and care features
According to the designers of the PositiveProject company, since flowers and a tree from this moment will live side by side and share all resources with each other, they should have the same requirements for watering, soil characteristics and temperature conditions.
Actually planting flowers is carried out in several stages:
- the soil under the tree is cleaned of weeds and debris,
- the topsoil is very carefully removed
- if there are too many roots on the surface, then you can chop off some of them, but not more than 10%, while the crown will also have to be cut proportionally,
- in large trees, usually it’s not possible to free the entire area of the near-trunk circle, for planting plants here in different places only grooves are made
- a new fertile soil is introduced into the formed depressions in the near-stem circle, and the area of the future flowerbed as a whole can be slightly (no more than 10 cm) raised above the general level,
- after careful watering, they plant plants and water them again,
- if the plants are planted with separate islands, then the space between them for decorative purposes can be filled with mulch.
Flowers planted under trees require that they be watered more often. They also need more fertilizer. This is due to the fact that most of the resources from the soil in this place will be taken away by the tree, and the flowers will get only the remains.
All work related to the care of such a flowerbed should be carried out very carefully, since when watering, weeding or loosening, it is possible to damage the roots of the tree.
Design solutions for flower beds in trunk circles
For a flower garden, choose a suitable tree in different parts of the garden: a single tree on the lawn, one of the trees in the fruit garden, a tree in the corner of the garden, etc. If in free space the flower beds will have the shape of a circle, an oval or their incorrect interpretations, then at the fence or in the corner you can make a semicircular or triangular flower garden.
Forms of flower beds depend on the general style decision of the site. In a regular garden, flower beds of regular geometric shapes should be arranged. Most naturally around the tree, located exactly in the center of the flower garden, round options look. The remaining parameters of the flower bed also need to be brought into line with linear solutions: the soil should be even, the flowers can be planted in neat circles, even segments, or the entire trunk circle can be filled with monoculture. Such an object will fit well into the landscape design of the open area, for example, it will effectively decorate a wide, evenly trimmed lawn.
Flower beds with asymmetric outlines are suitable for landscape or environmental style. At the same time, planting monocultures will be inappropriate; it is better to create an unobtrusive variety, as is usually the case in the wild. The flower bed should be multi-tiered and combine flowers of different heights. In this case, tall plants will be closer to the center of the circle, and low and creeping ones will be located on the outer edge.
In a regular garden, a border around a flower bed is more common than in a landscape style garden. In any case, it becomes an important decorative element. You can lay it out of brick, natural stone, wooden chunks, tiles, you can weave it like wattle or basket, you can equip a stationary structure of cement and decorate it with smalt, mosaic or even broken porcelain.
The absence of a border creates a feeling of a smooth transition of flower plantings into the lawn. But it is possible to separate these elements in bulk from pebbles or gravel. Pebbles and small stones fill empty areas on the flowerbed itself. As a result, based on the work experience of landscape designers at PositiveProject, using a combination of flowers, decorative green cultures, stones and mulch, you can create a unique pattern that will make your flowerbed a real work of art.
All plants that you choose to plant under a tree should be more or less shady. Among such crops in the first place dwarf varieties of conifers, bulb and annuals. Among perennial plants shade-loving extremely few. But with partial dimming, it is quite possible to use the host, anemone, primrose, periwinkle and ivy.
The flowerbed can be designed for a peak of decorativeness in any one period or for continuous flowering. For example, shade-loving lilies of the valley in the wild grow in dark spruce forests. Their garden counterparts bloom lushly in May, and at other times delight the eye with dense deciduous shoots that are no less decorative. For those who like to see the most elegant flower beds, you can make a composition of several types of plants, which bloom in different seasons.
If you choose the right plants for the flowerbed around the tree, you can give this object very functional properties. So, many pests of fruit trees do not tolerate certain flowers. Blood aphids and apple thistles do not like the neighborhood with nasturtium, nematodes cannot tolerate the smell of marigolds and chamomiles, and if lilies of the valley are planted around stone fruits, then fruit rot will not be afraid of cherries and plums.
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In a small flowerbed, flowers of the same shade look very good, you can use one or more types of plants of different heights, placing a high center, and lower ones closer to the edge.
Such a motley pretty flowerbed can be created using just three plants. 1 - phlox in the background as the highest, 2 - meadow pelargonium, 3 - balsam or pansies
Composition of plants of contrasting colors
Using shades that occupy distant positions in the color spectrum will help to create a spectacular contrast composition. For example, a combination of blue and orange, yellow and purple, burgundy and green.
Two fairly simple flowerbeds with a clear shape without a border. One looks spectacular thanks to the bright colors of large-flowered begonia, while the other contrasts yellow begonia and a frame of red flowers
Arrangement of flowers in close shades
A flowerbed will look very beautiful, where the shades of flowers smoothly replace each other. For example, pink, blue and lilac or bright pink, red and burgundy.
A flowerbed with a predominance of burgundy color, the distance between the zones is filled with colored gravel, which can be successfully used in the design of flower beds. It also makes it easier to care for different areas, as walk on gravel without damage to plants
If you are a lover of bright accents, you can make a discreet, eye-pleasing flowerbed in neutral colors - in white-green colors, green with pink or green with blue. Such a flower bed is visually able to make the space brighter or to dilute bright colors, where necessary.
Choose as the main colors snapdragons of white or light yellow shade or cornflower. In combination with a tall smooth mucella you will get a very interesting discreet flowerbed.
Four complex layouts
The simplest scheme for planting flowers on a flower bed we have already considered. Now consider the schemes for several more complex flower beds.
Round flowerbeds are usually central. If you have a large free area in front of the house, creating a round flowerbed on it will allow the territory to look elegant. Use plants that bloom at the same time, in spring it can be bulbous, then they can be replaced with summer flowers
The “flower” scheme for creating an elegant flower bed. Depending on the size, the central part may be occupied by lawn grass, ground cover plants, a layer of gravel or colored decorative sawdust
All schemes have a common point - the lawn grass occupies the middle space, that is, these are quite large flower beds. If you want to use this pattern to create a small flowerbed, you can replace the lawn with ground cover plants that are ideal for creating patterns. As plants for such flower beds, flowers blooming at about the same time are suitable - daisies, zinnias, alpine forget-me-nots, primrose, viola, left-handed.
The “pattern” scheme will allow you to create an original flowerbed; a wave-shaped pattern can also be an independent flowerbed on a lawn or along paths
Oval “royal” flowerbed. Her scheme is simple, but it will look wonderful like a front flower bed in front of the house or in the center of the garden
When you create a scheme, you need to think about the colors and shades that you want to see in the flower garden. The color combinations on the flower bed can be very diverse. There are no clear recommendations on choosing plants for these flowerbed schemes; you can choose where to plant your favorite flowers, and how best to combine them together.
Adding an article to a new collection
When planning a garden design, sometimes we forget about tree-trunk circles. Let's see how you can and should use them to decorate the site.
When caring for a tree, it is necessary not only to cut branches in time, to whiten the trunk, but also to help the roots develop by processing the trunk circle. There are several ways to design it, allowing you to improve the root system of the tree, and at the same time transform your garden.
Trunk Circle Processing
For young trees (up to 2-3 years), the optimal diameter of the trunk circle is 1.5-2 m, and then, by the 6-7 year of tree growth, it is necessary to increase the size of the trunk circle to 3 m. In October - early November, a plot for the future It is necessary to dig a trunk circle to get rid of pests wintering in the soil.
You can not immerse the shovel deeply - this can damage the roots. A depth of 6-10 cm near the stem is enough, and as you move away from it - no deeper than 15-20 cm (for stone fruits - 10-15 cm). The shovel must be held to the tree with an edge to minimize damage to the roots.
If the soil is light, it is better to simply loosen it with a pitchfork. Before whitewashing, when you will clean the trunk of the diseased and dried bark, cover the trunk circle with oilcloth to prevent harmful microbes from entering the ground.
How to draw a trunk circle
The first 5 years of a tree’s life is better to keep the trunk circle under black steam, that is, not to plant plants in it, but to weed out and loosen the soil. This will help keep moisture in it longer.
The frequency of processing depends on the weather: in the spring-summer period, parabolic circles usually loosen 3-4 times, but if precipitation rarely occurs, then you can increase the frequency to 5-6 times per season.
From the trunk circle you can make a flower garden. To do this, you need to choose plants that will not only look spectacular under the tree, but can also take root well. Для того чтобы устроить цветник в приствольном круге, штамб дерева должен быть не менее 60 см высотой, а ветви – приподняты.
Для цветника в приствольном круге выбирайте теневыносливые низкорослые растения с не слишком глубокой корневой системой.
The trunk circle can also be kept under sod: sow ground-cover herbs and then, when they grow to 10-12 cm, mow them regularly (8-10 times per season). Mowed grass does not need to be removed - after decomposition it nourishes the soil, but it is better to chop high. Suitable for cultural souring of the periostemal circle: meadow fescue, a field birch, white clover, etc.
One of the most effective ways to retain moisture in the soil is mulching. You can mulch the periostemal circle after planting a seedling (the mulch layer is 4-5 cm, the radius of the circle is 0.7-1 m). This protects the roots from freezing, improves the structure of the soil, and prevents the formation of soil crust. Insulation of the trunk circle with mulch also slows the growth of weeds.