Our experienced team of editors and researchers contributed to this article and tested it for accuracy and completeness.
The number of sources used in this article is 13. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.
A team of content managers carefully monitors the work of editors to ensure that each article meets our high quality standards.
Garden snails are one of the simplest and cheapest pets that can be settled at home because they often live in large numbers in the garden, eating plants. Despite the fact that snails need to be fed and watered at least once every two days, they are easy to care for if you understand what they need. A snail can live for several years in a container with a constantly maintained environment.
Predators or herbivores?
The homeland of Achatina snails is Africa. Deep tropical forests are densely populated by these mollusks. Under natural conditions, they feed on land plants, wood moss, leaves fallen from trees and, quite unexpectedly, meat.
And the snail's calcium necessary for the development of the shell is obtained by eating the bones of dead animals. But domestic Achatina are completely different snails, so you should not experiment with a meat diet. In captivity, these animals feed on purely plant foods, so they can be called vegetarians. The body of domestic snails was rebuilt and lost the ability to digest meat products.
Proper nutrition is the key to growth and longevity
In order to grow a snail in your terrarium, you must adhere to some principles that will become the key to the safe growth of the animal. The most important thing in this matter is the size of the container in which the snail lives.
It is calculated based on one individual 12-15 liters. If this indicator is less, then the probability of growing a large snail is extremely low.
Further, we will discuss how to feed snails at home. This should be done as necessary, but always in the evening, as these are nocturnal animals. Do not worry about overeating snails - they are pretty smart and always know their measure.
When choosing how to feed Achatina snails, try to avoid perishable foods. They can provoke the multiplication of bacteria and midges, which adversely affects the snails.
Also, do not abuse soft products due to the fact that they can rub into the ground, and then begin to rot. You should be careful when it comes to how to feed a baby snail. These babies can suffocate by eating a banana or other soft fruit.
Oddly enough, this will sound, but each snail has its own culinary preferences, which are developed over time. Specialists studying the question of how to feed akhatan snails noticed a paradoxical thing: each individual chooses its own preferred products without affecting the others.
It is quite simple and useful to feed snails with vegetables; they are sold all year round. Cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes, carrots, beets, pumpkin, bell peppers, white cabbage, Beijing cabbage, beans, corn, broccoli - this is an almost complete list of what to feed a home snail.
Adult Achatina can be given vegetables cut in half. They love to crawl on food, biting off small pieces. If you cooked a salad, then do not throw out the scraps, because the snails do not cut them.
Remember the seasonality of vegetables: in winter it is better not to feed your pet greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes, because their composition is in great doubt. You can offer the snail mushrooms, but, of course, not of doubtful origin, but proven.
How to feed Achatina snails except vegetables? Of course, fruit. Moreover, the modern market offers year-round supply from different parts of the Earth. Bananas, pineapples, mangoes, kiwi, grapes, peaches and nectarines can be found on store shelves at any time of the year.
The rest of the time you can pamper your snail with apples, pears, watermelon, melon, cherries, cherries, strawberries, raspberries and other fruits that are familiar to us. The glucose content in fruit juice is very attractive for Achatina, and they quickly become a favorite treat of these mollusks.
How to feed snails at home if you are worried about the possible content of nitrates and pesticides in foods? By what and usually! All the worries about this are in vain, since the Achatina feel toxic substances for them and will never begin to take them for food. Therefore, it is almost impossible to poison these animals, so do not worry about the content of harmful substances.
You already know how to feed the snail: vegetables and fruits. But also in her diet you need to add cereals. Raw Achatina should not be given - it is very difficult to digest and adversely affects their digestive system. But porridge is not what you need to feed the snail constantly. This can be said to supplement the usual diet.
Experiment with various cereals to find the right menu for your achatina. Buckwheat, rice, barley and wheat porridge will be an interesting variety. Be careful with the temperature of the porridge. Hot can burn the mucous membrane of the cochlea, so it is worth cooling it before serving.
The above list of products is suitable for answering the question of how to feed grape snails, because they are similar not only externally, but also in taste preferences. The snail will not refuse to enjoy baby food, even in dry form, as well as oatmeal, which can be given both raw and steamed.
Calcium is what you need to feed the snail with. The source can be selected from the following list:
Other special additives.
Choose any of the suggested calcium source options and place it in the aquarium. Access to the supplement for Achatina should be permanent.
A lot of nutrients are found in lettuce, dill, parsley. This greens can be put as a snail litter - mollusks love to dig into them.
Always rinse vegetables, fruits, and greens thoroughly. In addition, snails are very fond of drinking droplets of remaining water. If you have the opportunity, then you can treat Achatina with fresh weed. It can be leaves of clover, dandelion, knotweed and other non-hazardous plants.
Now let's talk about how to feed a home snail is not worth it. Salty, fatty, fried, sour and bitter - this is death for her. Citrus, dairy and pasta are contraindicated to Achatina.
Raw potatoes should be excluded from the diet, as snail starch contained in it cannot be digested.
You should not feed Achatina with flour products and boiled eggs. Be careful with these products. No need to feed the snail from the table with your food. Pure salt is poison for snails, and even a small part of it can kill your pet.
How long can a snail live without food?
From the above, you learned how to feed snails in an aquarium. But how long can a snail survive without food? The answer will surprise many - how much is needed.
As soon as the conditions of existence unfavorable for Achatina come, they fall into suspended animation, externally closing by a sash. They can be in this state until they are awakened.
If it so happened that your snail fell asleep, and you want to return it to an active life, then you need to bring it to a stream of warm water. Due to the temperature, the snail wakes up and will be ready to please you. So do not worry if you are going on vacation, and there is no one to look after the pet. The snail will sleep peacefully until you wake it.
When choosing unpretentious pets, the views of many turn to the side of snails. In fact, it is difficult to find less capricious and easy-to-care creatures. However, in order for the snail to live long and please your eyes, you need to know the simple ones behind it, one of the most important questions is how to feed the snail.
What foods should not be given to snails?
First of all, all kinds of pickles are pure poison for snails. You can not offer them food with spices, fried, smoked, salty, spicy. Sweets are also on the forbidden list. Be sure to exclude citrus fruits from fruits - seemingly innocuous oranges or lemons contain fruit acids that destroy the shell of the mollusk.
When and how to feed snails?
It is believed that it is enough for snails to feed once a week. In fact, such individuals, of course, will survive, but in development they will lag behind their counterparts, they live less and breed worse. It is recommended to give food in small doses once a day, preferably in the evening, as the mollusks are activated at this time. Young individuals can be fed twice. Do not put food directly on the ground - for this a plate or stand should be stocked. A few hours after feeding, remove the leftovers so that the food does not deteriorate overnight.
In the tank where the snail lives, there should be a container with fresh water - the water level should be no more than a centimeter, otherwise the mollusk will simply drown in it.
You need to prepare food in this way: solid foods are mashed or mashed or grated, but soft fruits and vegetables can be cut into slices. You can not give cold or very hot food, the best option is room temperature. Vegetables and fruits must be washed, they must be fresh.
What do snails eat and how to feed them?
- Vegetables - slices of carrots, Peking or cauliflower, cucumbers, sweet peppers, boiled potatoes, broccoli, tomato, zucchini, beans,
- Fruits - strawberries, melon, watermelon, mango, peach, strawberries, pineapple, figs, kiwi, plum, grapes, banana and others,
- Greenery - lettuce, fruit trees, parsley, dill, young nettle, celery, dandelion, plantain. Grass and leaves should be collected away from major roads and industrial areas,
- Cereals - oatmeal, corn, buckwheat, peas, flax, rice, sunflower and pumpkin seeds, barley, peanuts,
- Mushrooms - you can give slices of champignons, oyster mushroom,
- Calcium supplements - natural chalk, mineral stone, shell rock, sepia, ground eggshell quail or chicken eggs,
- Meat - it should be unsalted and non-greasy, many breeders prefer to give boiled egg white or fish to snails,
- Fish feed - also suitable for feeding aquarium snails. By the way, some individuals are happy to eat baby food.
Snail preferences may change with age, older individuals consume more plant foods than young animals. If nutrition is low, aquarium snails often begin to swallow plants. The components of the diet will tell you your pet: if he eats sluggishly and reluctantly, it is worth offering another product. There should be enough food, but after a couple of hours it is better to remove the feeder so as not to overfeed the mollusk.
Today, the variety of pets can be surprising. Cats and dogs have long become common animals. Today, terrarium science is becoming increasingly popular. So they call the content of different types of pets in aquariums - terrariums. They do not require special care, in their own way are beautiful and unpretentious. In recent years, people have increasingly begun to get Achatina snails. Unlike their usual counterparts - they are large, with beautiful shells and unpretentious.
If you have a snail
To maintain the cochlea, no special conditions are required: a spacious container made of plastic or glass is sufficient. A special coconut substrate is poured into it and sprayed with water once a day. Unlike turtles or snakes - snails are not so demanding on temperature . But despite the apparent simplicity, Achatina demanding food. They do not eat some foods, and some can cause serious consequences, even death.
A bit of history
Before proceeding to the consideration of the question "How to feed snails?", We will understand their origin. Homeland Achatina - Africa . In tropical forests, they are found in large numbers. There their main food is terrestrial plants, wood moss, fallen leaves, etc. For a strong shell, they need calcium and in nature they get it by eating the bones of dead animals.
Despite the conviction of some kipper (the so-called owners of exotic animals), snails are not predators. Even in the wild, they do not eat carrion, only the remains of bones. Therefore, at home, their main diet should consist of vegetables, fruits, herbs.
Properly designed diet
Domestic snails are notable for their size. For proper development, they need a spacious container. It is believed that for one individual, a volume of 15 liters is sufficient. With smaller volumes, the snail is unlikely to become large. A condition of longevity and well-being of a pet is proper feeding. This requires a few simple rules:
Over time, you may notice that some snails prefer certain foods and have eating habits. For this reason, it is not recommended to use the same ingredients. The diet should be diverse.
Thanks to year-round access to fruits - the kipper does not have problems with what to feed the snails. At any time, on the shelves you can find bananas, kiwi, mangoes and other fruits. Apples, pears, melons and more are no less useful for snails. But there are reservations. Achatina snail is sensitive to certain types of fruit. So, persimmons, cherries, feijoa, oranges and tangerines can only be given with caution and only checked for ripeness. The fruit should be sweet, inviscid, not sour. For the last reason, you should not give any acidic berries (lingonberries, cranberries, etc.) and acidic fruits (lemon, pineapple, pomegranate, etc.).
Large fruits are cut into slices or small pieces and placed in a terrarium. In order not to stain the soil - they can be put in a bowl (you can purchase it at a pet store).
In addition to fruits, you can feed your pet with fresh vegetables. Fortunately, they are inexpensive and affordable all year round. You can give tomatoes , zucchini, cabbage, pumpkin, sweet potato, sweet pepper and much more. The technology is the same as with fruits - the vegetable is cut into slices or small pieces and placed in a terrarium. The owner of the snail can observe how his pet crawls on the product and bites off small pieces of the vegetable.
Try not to buy greenhouse vegetables. Due to the addition of fertilizer during cultivation, they can have a bad effect on the cochlea. With caution, you can give eggplant, potatoes, turnips, olives and olives. In no case, you should not give onions, garlic and any hot vegetables!
In order for the snail's shell to be strong and beautiful, it needs calcium. It should be in the daily diet. This is a prerequisite for maintenance. snails in the terrarium. There are several options for calcium supplements:
In no case. Do not add human calcium to your diet. This will only harm the snail. You can not give school chalk and mineral stones for parrots, since their composition is dangerous for the health of Achatina.
The main rule of nutrition is a multicomponent diet. To do this, you need to combine different vegetables, fruits, herbs and be sure to add calcium. Experienced kippers advise using gammarus and daphnia as a protein food. They can be found in stores without any problems. with goods for aquarists.
If you choose pets, starting from their unpretentiousness to maintenance, then one of the first positions would be taken by snails. These creatures feel great at home and are completely capricious, but this does not mean that you do not need to look after them at all. One of the most important points in the content of representatives of this species is food. Many are interested in making her feel fine, not sick, and live a long life.
The diet of most of these mollusks is, of course, plant foods. Regardless of whether it is aquarium, or Achatina, they all eat vegetables and fruits. It should be noted that the food must be fresh. Before you feed the snails, you need to wash the greens, fruits and vegetables thoroughly. Cucumbers, bell peppers, carrots, cauliflower and Beijing cabbage, tomatoes, broccoli, zucchini, green beans, but boiled potatoes are suitable for them.
All snails need vitamins and a lot of nutrients, so it is worth pampering them with fruits and berries. An excellent choice would be strawberries, peaches, bananas, pineapples, mangoes, grapes, plums, kiwi, watermelons, melons, figs, etc. The basis of any diet should include greens: nettle, celery, plantain, dill, parsley, dandelion, salads, flowers elderberries, leaves of fruit trees. Before you feed the snails with greenery, you must make sure that it has grown far from highways, industrial enterprises. Grass and leaves are best harvested outside the city.
Each snail should have a reliable and strong shell, so calcium should be added in sufficient quantities to the diet. This can be a crushed shell of quail or chicken eggs, shell rock, sepia, a mineral stone for parrots, but without salt, (school is not worth buying, because there is practically no calcium in it).
Many are interested in how to feed, because they differ in many respects from land. In principle, they also love greens, and in addition do not mind eating fish food from pressed algae, as well as other frozen foods. What is strictly forbidden to feed snails is food from a person’s table.Any smoked, pickled, fried, sweet, spicy or salty food is not suitable for mollusks, and salt for them is such a certain death.
Young snails are fed every day and preferably in the evening, when they are most active, and adults 2-3 times a week. Food should be fresh, so clean the feeders regularly. Proper care and a balanced diet will allow the mollusk to live a long life.
- - seaweed,
- - vegetables (salad, spinach, carrots, cabbage),
- - fish food,
- - for young animals: duckweed, lettuce, richchia, cyclops.
For a comfortable life and reproduction, the ampullarium does not need much space. One should have ten water. The aquarium must be covered with a lid. Leave a distance of 10-15 centimeters above the water, otherwise the snail will not be able to lay eggs.
As a rule, the female leaves masonry on the lid of the aquarium, its walls or on a coverslip. Caviar holds pretty firmly. If it still fell, put the masonry in the plastic cover, and put the cover on the surface of the water.
Toddlers ampullarium are born in about one and a half to three weeks. Small snails already have a fully formed carapace. After they hatched, put the offspring in a separate or jar. It should be filled with water only by five centimeters - small snails with air and often have to float up.
In the first month of life, the ampoule should be fed a boiled egg, subsequently - lettuce or cabbage, scalded with boiling water. After the snails reach two to three millimeters in length, they can be transplanted into the main aquarium.
Having decided to have an exotic pet, take a closer look at Achatina. These giant snails are unpretentious. Behind them, you do not need to remove the tray, you do not need to walk them. But watching snails is very interesting. All that is needed for a comfortable stay of Achatina in the house: a large terrarium with soil and suitable food.
Feeding is simple. Include raw vegetables in its menu: cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes, bell peppers. Offer snails fruits other than citrus fruits.
It is not necessary to feed Achatina with selected products. Give the snail the bits and pieces - it will eat everything. With pleasure he enjoys crusts of watermelon and melon.
Be sure to alternate the products offered by the snail. Otherwise, she will get used to the taste of any one "dish". Because of this, then he will not eat other foods.
Young individuals need to be reinforced every day. Adult snails give food 2-3 times a week. It'll be enough. According to experts, Achatina will eat as much as she needs. And there is no danger of overfeeding her.
Watching in the aquarium is a very exciting thing. The inhabitants of the underwater world are so diverse! Attractive with its bright color and the shape of the fins of a cockerel. If you decide to keep this in the aquarium, you should find out about its gastronomic addictions.
- - a living bloodworm,
- - crustaceans
- - frozen bloodworm,
- - pipe maker,
- - dry food from the pet store.
Fighting - is not fastidious in food and can eat different feeds: dry, live, frozen. The usual diet consists of bloodworms, crustaceans, a tubule maker and dry food, but the preference is for live cockworms and crustaceans. Bloodworms are the most affordable and common food. Use only fresh and live bloodworms. The worms should move, have no unpleasant odor and be bright red (small) or red (large). To prevent the bloodworm from feeding to the bottom, use a special floating feeder. Worms gradually creep out of it into the water and manage to eat them.
If you are feeding crustaceans, first carefully rinse the food in the net with running water. Take some live specimens and put them in a small jar of water. Lower the can at an angle. The crustaceans will come out and become a treat for your fish. The cockerel is good and he readily eats everything. To prevent the fish from overeating, limit the amount of food. Divide the daily portion by 2-3 times and offer food in small portions. Alternate feed for proper nutrition. Do not forget that frozen bloodworms and dry crustaceans should be only an insignificant addition, while the main part of the diet must be provided at the expense of live food.
If you need to change your diet, train your cockerel to a new feed gradually. The fish will be capricious at first, but then begins to eat it with great pleasure. Add the new treat in small portions to the main one, and then make the replacement completely. Before feeding the fish, pay attention to the size of its abdomen. The cockerel himself brings variety to his menu. It is successful on aquarium snails (nat, horn coils, chalking).
Offer crustaceans in limited quantities. Excess feed rot and spoil the water in the aquarium.
Tip number 1 - provide your pets with full content
There should be small openings in the upper part of the terrarium to ensure proper ventilation. But at the same time, it is not recommended to purchase terrariums with openings that are too large to prevent snail “escapes”.
As for the temperature regime, which is ideal for this type of pet, the most suitable temperature is considered to be 23-27 ° C, but nothing more.
As a heating device, as a rule, use thermal cords or thermal mats, which it is desirable to stir outside the terrarium. While internal heating elements can be dangerous for these creatures, because they can get serious burns.
As a soil, it is recommended to use a coconut substrate. As for the thickness of the flooring, it should be equal to the total size of the pet, so that gastropods can dig into it during daytime sleep. It is also advisable from time to time (at least once a day) to spray the soil with water using a spray gun.
This will maintain a constant soil moisture, which snails need so much. But do not overdo it, do not over-moisten the soil, and also do not forget to systematically loosen it.
Nontoxic vegetation should be planted in the terrarium itself. Most often it can be leaf lettuce or cat grass.
Continuing to discuss the topic of caring for land snails, I would like to note that their home needs daily general cleaning. Every day, the walls of the terrarium should be wiped with a damp cloth, without using any household chemicals.
Gastropods are very fond of water procedures. Therefore, it will be nice if you bathe them under a thin stream of warm water or in a small bowl.
Surely you have noticed more than once that snails are not able to care for their sink, which is why it is necessary to clean it during water procedures, using a soft brush. If during the cleaning of the sink you damaged it, or a piece broke off, or holes appeared in it, it is necessary to glue it using the “BF” glue.
Such a snail is unlikely to survive, but there are still small chances. In this situation, a young snail, injuries of this nature are delayed without any problems, while adults, most often, die, despite the fact that their shell is much stronger. As for the snail with a completely crushed shell, then, unfortunately, nothing can help it.
Tip # 2 - Organize the Right Diet
The diet of land snails is built primarily on plant foods.
Gastropods with great appetite eat all kinds of greens, vegetables, fruits, chopped with a knife into a small cube. Products with a solid structure must be passed through a grater before serving.
In addition to the main diet of the snail, you can use all kinds of protein foods. This can be fish food, seafood puree, minced meat, gammarus, daphnia.
The protein component should appear on the gastropod menu at least twice a week. And to strengthen the shell of a pet, it is recommended from time to time to feed it with calcium in the form of sepia or crushed eggshells.
It is extremely undesirable to give land snails too salty food, because salt is poison for them.
Creature snails are asexual, therefore, containing several individuals in one terrarium at once, one should be prepared for the fact that soon they can bring offspring. Most of the mollusks lay their eggs, but sometimes live-bearing species are also found.
As a rule, gastropods bury their masonry in the ground, so it is extremely undesirable to miss this moment, because in the terrarium the masonry should be removed and very carefully placed in a separate container, providing all the same conditions for soil preparation that are relevant for adults.
Soon, the kids will crawl out to the surface and can eat food common for gastropods. However, it is not recommended to transfer the babies to their parents until their shells are strong.
Although snails do not need regular walks, fresh air is very beneficial for their development and growth.
Half-hour walks are carried out on a non-hot day, while the snail is placed in a container with small holes. Make sure that your pet’s skin does not dry out and do not expose it to direct sunlight.
Snails as pets have long supplanted turtles and even fish. These are the most unpretentious favorites, the best way out for busy people and those who are ready to let something unusual into their lives.
This article is for people over 18 years old.